Development of new methods of particle registration as well as the creation of modern detectors based on them make up an important and integral part of modern elementary particle physics. Progress in this area determines the acquisition of new experimental data, which in turn provides new information about the structure and evolution of the Universe.
The development of new detector technologies has a direct link with applied research for the needs of medicine, security, information technology and other fields. Low-dose digital diagnostic X-ray machines and positron emission tomography can be given as examples of detector technology transfer.
This area of elementary particle physics is most closely connected with other areas of knowledge and technology. Unique materials such as aerogels, crystalline and plastic scintillators are now widely used in particle detectors. The creation of such materials and their improvement is completely determined by the progress in the field of chemistry. Basic research in the semiconductor physics helped to create new efficient photocathodes and semiconductor detectors. Modern experiments and detectors cannot be imagined without the widest possible use of electronic, processor and computer technology.
Together with the Institute of Catalysis SB RAS and the Institute of Nuclear Physics the technology for the production of single-walled large size 180x180 mm+ airgel blocks has been developed. The inhomogeneity of the refractive index has been measured in the test samples using an original technique based on the use of digital radiography. Measurements showed that the blocks have high homogeneity of the refractive index. Radiators of such type Cherenkov radiation will be used in the RICH detector CLAS12 (Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Center, Nyurort News, USA). This will increase the geometrical efficiency of the identification system.
Scanning installation has been created that allows to measure the relative efficiency of each pixel photon detection. Currently, the installation is widely used to measure the parameters of DPC detectors.
The laboratory is part of The NSU interdisciplinary center of elementary particle physics and astrophysics
The international partner of the laboratory - University of Ferrara, Italy.
Head of Laboratory:
PhD. in Physics and Mathematics Evgeniy Kravchenko, EAKravchenko@inp.nsk.su
Division of elementary particle physics
Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences